Remove broken debug print, whoops
[clinton/abcde.git] / README
... / ...
4abcde is a frontend command-line utility (actually, a shell script) that
5grabs tracks off a CD or a singletrack flac file with an embeded cuesheet,
6encodes them to Ogg/Vorbis, MP3, FLAC, Ogg/Speex and/or MPP/MP+(Musepack)
7format, and tags them, all in one go.
9Your finished Ogg/MP3/FLAC/Speex/MPP's are, by default, stored in a subdirectory
10of the current directory (named after the artist) with a filename based on the
11track title. Spaces are replaced by underscores, and apostrophes and control
12codes are filtered out. Colons are replaced with an underscore and a hyphen. The
13end result usually looks like: Our_Lady_Peace/01.Supermans_Dead.ogg This
14filename munging is customizable - edit the mungefilename function in your
15abcde.conf to change it.
17Many of the questions related of problems executing abcde have been moved to the
18FAQ, which should be distributed along with this package. Reffer to that file
19for more help.
23Changes in 2.5:
24* Added working support for Musicbrainz using a perl helper script.
26Changes in 2.4:
27* Read TOC entries from the CD. The default uses cdrdao. The program mkcue is
28 also optional.
29* Possibility to use CDDBCHOICE1,CDDBCHOICE2 (i.e., 1,3) to get a diff of two
30 parsed CDDB entries.
31* Added SHOWCDDBFIELDS to define wether to show the YEAR and GENRE fields from
32 the CDDB output.
33* Added the possibility of embeding a cuesheet on a singletrack flac file. A
34 single BACKUP flag is most likely needed to use all the needed flags:
35 "abcde -1 -o flac -a default,cue"
36* Added the possibility of using a singletrack flac file with an embeded
37 cuesheet as a source to extract tracks from (use -X to specify an external
38 CUE2DISCID implementation; check under examples in the distributed source
39 code or package).
40* Added replaygain for Ogg/Vorbis and Ogg/FLAC.
41* Added M4A encoding.
42* Uses the default found $CDROMREADER instead of forcing cdparanoia when
43 cdda2wav is installed.
44* BATCH mode has been split into two options: BATCHNORM and NOGAP.
45* Added -U option for non-UNICODE (non UTF-8) tag encoding.
46* Added -z for debug.
47* Added -f to force the removal of left files.
48* CUE support has changed from a flag (-M) to an action (cue).
50Changes in 2.3:
51* Support for mkcue, to create a CUE sheet of the CD structure. It can be used
52 with "-1" to create a backup, so that later the original CD can be recreated.
53* New -o <output(1)>:<options(1)>,... way of passing specific options to an
54 output. Now we can pass specific options without having to modify a config
55 file. This feature was already present in the last versions of the 2.2 cycle.
56* Unix PIPEs, as a second way to encode files with a low disc space.
57* Option to erase the "encoded" entries from the status file. Allows one to
58 encode the wav files (in case they were not erased) into another format. This
59 is needed until status information is stored for each format.
60* The "ogg" output mode will be substituted for "vorbis" in the near future.
61 This release adds a compatibility layer so that both entries work.
62* The FLAC encoder forces the files to be overwritten, in case they previously
63 exists. This avoids a half-through abcde run to continue without errors in
64 case it was cancelled during the FLAC encoding.
65* Added a post_read() function so that we can do things with the CD before we
66 eject it.
68Changes in 2.2:
70* Support for MPP/MP+(Musepack) format. It can be downloaded from
71 It is supposed to be Free (not only free), and released under
72 the GPL...
73* New "-t <number>" option for starting the numbering of the output files at a
74 given starting number. Ideal for albums with more than one CD.
75* New "-T <number>" option, similar to "-t" but also modifies the tag entries
76 on the files themselves.
77* New "-w <COMMENT>" to add a comment to the tracks of a given CD rip. Use
79* New "-W <number>" option to combine both a comment with "CD #number" and a
80 starting number for both the tracks and the tags with "#01" (that is, 101 for
81 the 1st CD, 201 for the second...)
82* Support for keeping an existing playlist (and not add new entries to it),
83 erase the existing one (overwrite) or append new entries to the existing
84 one.
85* Under ./examples you will find a very basic way to make abcde run in the
86 background and start a non-interactive rip of a CD, if it can find an
87 audio CD in the tray.
88 The abcded script depends on eject and cdparanoia being installed in your
89 system.
90* New mungegenre function to switch off (or modify) the default behaviour of
91 transforming uppercase characters to lowercase.
92* cdparanoia permits performing a query to the CD drive and obtain a list of
93 valid audio tracks. So, now we perform such query and process the results.
94* Support for "None of the above" has been added with the "0" selection. A
95 template is created, and the selection to edit it is defaulted to "y".
97New options in 2.1.19:
99* ONETRACK mode has been introduced. Setting the flag "-1" will create a
100 single file with all the tracks from the CD.
102Changes in 2.1.18:
104* CDSPEED option defaults to eject. However, since cdparanoia has a built-in
105 option to set the speed, we use it. There is not way (right now) to force the
106 use of eject, but it will be introduced in a future release. Also one can use
107 the pre_read function to set the speed with other program.
109New options in 2.1.16:
111* -S, CDSPEED and CDSPEEDOPTS for setting the speed of the CDROM. One can set
112 the options in abcde.conf and pass the value on the command line. This option
113 can be used with "eject -x <speed>", "setcd -x <speed>" or the built-in
114 cdparanoia option "-S <speed>", if the CD reader supports it.
115* Added a pre-read function. Modify it at your pleasure in abcde.conf
116 One can use it to close the CD drive.
117* -m option, to modify the playlist to include CRLF in every line. Some players
118 insist on having those to work properly with playlists.
120New options in 2.1.15:
122* -V can be used to obtain some more information about the CDDB queries.
123* -v shows the version, basic help, and exits.
125New options from 2.1.10 to 2.1.13:
127* CDROMID has been introduced for cdda2wav use with SCSI devices.
128* Use -L to retrieve the CDDB entries from a local repository (also one can
129 set CDDBUSELOCAL in the config file).
130* If CDDBCOPYLOCAL is set to "y" we store copies of the CDDB entries, under
131 CDDBLOCALDIR (defaults to "~/.cddb).
133Modifications from 2.1.9 to 2.1.10:
135* Initial (still incomplete) MacOSX support is on the works.
136* A new tool (curl) has been added for MacOSX compatibility, as HTTPGET
137 option.
139Options modified from 2.1.8 to 2.1.9:
141* KEEPWAVS option now sets the clean to "no".
143Options added/modified from 2.1.3 to 2.1.5:
145* Ogg/Speex added. Use "-o spx" to rip your audiobooks, for instance.
147Options added/modified from 2.1.1 to 2.1.3:
149* WGET has been substituted by HTTPGET. Now we support fetch as retrieval
150 program.
151* KEEPWAVS has been introduced. Set it to "y" and the wav tracks will be
152 kept.
153* CDDBPROTO is used to specify the protocol level in the CDDB retrieval.
154* DAGRAB has been introduced as a cd ripper.
156Options added/modified from 2.0.3 to 2.1.x:
158* -b use batch processing. It uses normalize-audio to adjust the volume of
159 the songs, and a -g gapless option from lame to remove gaps. Only available
160 for mp3+lame combination.
161* a new "normalize" option has been added to -a, to normalize the volume.
162* -o works now with a combination of the different outputs: ogg, mp3, flac.
163 Combine them separated by ",". Example: "-o ogg,flac".
164* OUTPUTTYPE is no longer used for the output file type. From version 2.1 abcde
165 implements multiple-output and the file type is always appended at the end of
166 the file. The OUTPUT variable can be used in the PLAYLISTFORMAT and
167 OUTPUTFORMAT to create different directory structures and playlist names for
168 each of the output formats selected.
170* DYEAR can be used as DiskYear value in CDDB data. If the data is not supplied
171 by the CDDB server, it can be added.
173Other options that changed from 1.x to 2.x:
175* -e doesn't exist anymore, abcde now presents you with all of the cddb data
176 and asks you if you want to edit it. If you don't want to be asked,
177 use -N or INTERACTIVE=n
178* The output type defaults to Ogg/Vorbis. Specify -o mp3 or OUTPUTTYPE=mp3
179 if you still want to output mp3's.
180* -l 2 is now just -l, LOWDISK=2 should now be LOWDISK=y
181* -V and -v are gone, abcde will now prompt you if you'd like to use Various
182 Artists handling, after showing you the cddb data.
183* -P is now '-a playlist,clean', PLAYLISTONLY=y is now
184 ACTIONS=playlist,clean
185* -p is now '-a playlist,move,clean', PLAYLIST=y is now
186 ACTIONS=playlist,move,clean
187* cddb-tool has been cleaned up a little bit. 'get' is now 'query' and
188 'read', and the tempfile handling has been removed.
190* FreeDB is now the default CDDB database.
196abcde requires the following backend tools to work:
198* An Ogg/Vorbis encoder (oggenc, the default, or vorbize) or:
199* An MP3 encoder (lame, gogo, bladeenc, l3enc, etc). Any MP3 encoder that
200 takes two filenames on the command line, one for input, one for output,
201 will work.
202 You can get lame at:
203 You can get gogo at:
204 You can get BladeEnc at:
205 You can get a trial version of mp3enc at:
206 or:
207* FLAC encoder (flac) or:
208* Ogg/Speex encoder (speexenc) or:
209* MPP/MP+(Musepack) encoder (mppenc) or:
210* AAC encoder (faac)
211* normalize-audio for volume normalization.
212* CD Paranoia, an audio CD reading utility or:
213* icedax/cdda2wav, the audio CD reading utility cdparanoia was born from or:
214* dagrab, another audio CD reading utility.
215* cd-discid, a CDDB DiscID reading program. Formerly bundled with abcde.
216 It's available in Debian or
217* An HTTP retrieval program: wget, fetch (FreeBSD) or curl (MacOSX)
218* id3, an id3 tagging program. Available at:
219* eyeD3, an id3 version 2.0 tagger.
220* (optional) distmp3, a client/server for distributed mp3 encoding.
221 You can get distmp3 at
223Abcde's new mailing list is Visit
227to subscribe. Posts from non-subscribers are moderated to prevent
230Abcde's current page is at
233Jesus Climent <>
234Colin Tuckley <>
235Steve McIntyre <>
237abcde was originally created by Robert Woodcock <>