Small change in doc.
[clinton/abcde.git] / README
... / ...
4abcde is a frontend command-line utility (actually, a shell script) that
5grabs tracks off a CD or a singletrack flac file with an embeded cuesheet,
6encodes them to Ogg/Vorbis, MP3, FLAC, Ogg/Speex and/or MPP/MP+(Musepack)
7format, and tags them, all in one go.
9Your finished Ogg/MP3/FLAC/Speex/MPP's are, by default, stored in a subdirectory
10of the current directory (named after the artist) with a filename based on the
11track title. Spaces are replaced by underscores, and apostrophes and control
12codes are filtered out. Colons are replaced with an underscore and a hyphen. The
13end result usually looks like: Our_Lady_Peace/01.Supermans_Dead.ogg This
14filename munging is customizable - edit the mungefilename function in your
15abcde.conf to change it.
17Many of the questions related of problems executing abcde have been moved to the
18FAQ, which should be distributed along with this package. Reffer to that file
19for more help.
23Changes in 2.4:
24* Read TOC entries from the CD. The default uses cdrdao. The program mkcue is
25 also optional.
26* Possibility to use CDDBCHOICE1,CDDBCHOICE2 (i.e., 1,3) to get a diff of two
27 parsed CDDB entries.
28* Added SHOWCDDBFIELDS to define wether to show the YEAR and GENRE fields from
29 the CDDB output.
30* Added the possibility of embeding a cuesheet on a singletrack flac file. A
31 single BACKUP flag is most likely needed to use all the needed flags:
32 "abcde -1 -M -o flac"
33* Added the possibility of using a singletrack flac file with an embeded
34 cuesheet as a source to extract tracks from.
35* Added replaygain for Ogg/Vorbis and Ogg/FLAC.
36* Added M4A encoding.
37* Uses the default found $CDROMREADER instead of forcing cdparanoia when
38 cdda2wav is installed.
39* BATCH mode has been splitted into two options: BATCHNORM and NOGAP.
40* Added -u option for UNICODE (UTF-8) tag encoding.
41* Added -z for debug.
42* Added -f to force the removal of left files.
44Changes in 2.3:
45* Support for mkcue, to create a CUE sheet of the CD structure. It can be used
46 with "-1" to create a backup, so that later the original CD can be recreated.
47* New -o <output(1)>:<options(1)>,... way of passing specific options to an
48 output. Now we can pass specific options without having to modify a config
49 file. This feature was already present in the last versions of the 2.2 cycle.
50* Unix PIPEs, as a second way to encode files with a low disc space.
51* Option to erase the "encoded" entries from the status file. Allows one to
52 encode the wav files (in case they were not erased) into another format. This
53 is needed until status information is stored for each format.
54* The "ogg" output mode will be substituted for "vorbis" in the near future.
55 This release adds a compatibility layer so that both entries work.
56* The FLAC encoder forces the files to be overwritten, in case they previously
57 exists. This avoids a half-through abcde run to continue without errors in
58 case it was cancelled during the FLAC encoding.
59* Added a post_read() function so that we can do things with the CD before we
60 eject it.
62Changes in 2.2:
64* Support for MPP/MP+(Musepack) format. It can be downloaded from
65 It is supposed to be Free (not only free), and released under
66 the GPL...
67* New "-t <number>" option for starting the numbering of the output files at a
68 given starting number. Ideal for albums with more than one CD.
69* New "-T <number>" option, similar to "-t" but also modifies the tag entries
70 on the files themselves.
71* New "-w <COMMENT>" to add a comment to the tracks of a given CD rip. Use
73* New "-W <number>" option to combine both a comment with "CD #number" and a
74 starting number for both the tracks and the tags with "#01" (that is, 101 for
75 the 1st CD, 201 for the second...)
76* Support for keeping an existing playlist (and not add new entries to it),
77 erase the existing one (overwrite) or append new entries to the existing
78 one.
79* Under ./examples you will find a very basic way to make abcde run in the
80 background and start a non-interactive rip of a CD, if it can find an
81 audio CD in the tray.
82 The abcded script depends on eject and cdparanoia being installed in your
83 system.
84* New mungegenre function to switch off (or modify) the default behaviour of
85 transforming uppercase characters to lowercase.
86* cdparanoia permits performing a query to the CD drive and obtain a list of
87 valid audio tracks. So, now we perform such query and process the results.
88* Support for "None of the above" has been added with the "0" selection. A
89 template is created, and the selection to edit it is defaulted to "y".
91New options in 2.1.19:
93* ONETRACK mode has been introduced. Setting the flag "-1" will create a
94 single file with all the tracks from the CD.
96Changes in 2.1.18:
98* CDSPEED option defaults to eject. However, since cdparanoia has a built-in
99 option to set the speed, we use it. There is not way (right now) to force the
100 use of eject, but it will be introduced in a future release. Also one can use
101 the pre_read function to set the speed with other program.
103New options in 2.1.16:
105* -S, CDSPEED and CDSPEEDOPTS for setting the speed of the CDROM. One can set
106 the options in abcde.conf and pass the value on the command line. This option
107 can be used with "eject -x <speed>", "setcd -x <speed>" or the built-in
108 cdparanoia option "-S <speed>", if the CD reader supports it.
109* Added a pre-read function. Modify it at your pleasure in abcde.conf
110 One can use it to close the CD drive.
111* -m option, to modify the playlist to include CRLF in every line. Some players
112 insist on having those to work properly with playlists.
114New options in 2.1.15:
116* -V can be used to obtain some more information about the CDDB queries.
117* -v shows the version, basic help, and exits.
119New options from 2.1.10 to 2.1.13:
121* CDROMID has been introduced for cdda2wav use with SCSI devices.
122* Use -L to retrieve the CDDB entries from a local repository (also one can
123 set CDDBUSELOCAL in the config file).
124* If CDDBCOPYLOCAL is set to "y" we store copies of the CDDB entries, under
125 CDDBLOCALDIR (defaults to "~/.cddb).
127Modifications from 2.1.9 to 2.1.10:
129* Initial (still incomplete) MacOSX support is on the works.
130* A new tool (curl) has been added for MacOSX compatibility, as HTTPGET
131 option.
133Options modified from 2.1.8 to 2.1.9:
135* KEEPWAVS option now sets the clean to "no".
137Options added/modified from 2.1.3 to 2.1.5:
139* Ogg/Speex added. Use "-o spx" to rip your audiobooks, for instance.
141Options added/modified from 2.1.1 to 2.1.3:
143* WGET has been substituted by HTTPGET. Now we support fetch as retrieval
144 program.
145* KEEPWAVS has been introduced. Set it to "y" and the wav tracks will be
146 kept.
147* CDDBPROTO is used to specify the protocol level in the CDDB retrieval.
148* DAGRAB has been introduced as a cd ripper.
150Options added/modified from 2.0.3 to 2.1.x:
152* -b use batch processing. It uses normalize-audio to adjust the volume of
153 the songs, and a -g gapless option from lame to remove gaps. Only available
154 for mp3+lame combination.
155* a new "normalize" option has been added to -a, to normalize the volume.
156* -o works now with a combination of the different outputs: ogg, mp3, flac.
157 Combine them separated by ",". Example: "-o ogg,flac".
158* OUTPUTTYPE is no longer used for the output file type. From version 2.1 abcde
159 implements multiple-output and the file type is always appended at the end of
160 the file. The OUTPUT variable can be used in the PLAYLISTFORMAT and
161 OUTPUTFORMAT to create different directory structures and playlist names for
162 each of the output formats selected.
164* DYEAR can be used as DiskYear value in CDDB data. If the data is not supplied
165 by the CDDB server, it can be added.
167Other options that changed from 1.x to 2.x:
169* -e doesn't exist anymore, abcde now presents you with all of the cddb data
170 and asks you if you want to edit it. If you don't want to be asked,
171 use -N or INTERACTIVE=n
172* The output type defaults to Ogg/Vorbis. Specify -o mp3 or OUTPUTTYPE=mp3
173 if you still want to output mp3's.
174* -l 2 is now just -l, LOWDISK=2 should now be LOWDISK=y
175* -V and -v are gone, abcde will now prompt you if you'd like to use Various
176 Artists handling, after showing you the cddb data.
177* -P is now '-a playlist,clean', PLAYLISTONLY=y is now
178 ACTIONS=playlist,clean
179* -p is now '-a playlist,move,clean', PLAYLIST=y is now
180 ACTIONS=playlist,move,clean
181* cddb-tool has been cleaned up a little bit. 'get' is now 'query' and
182 'read', and the tempfile handling has been removed.
184* FreeDB is now the default CDDB database.
190abcde requires the following backend tools to work:
192* An Ogg/Vorbis encoder (oggenc, the default, or vorbize) or:
193* An MP3 encoder (lame, gogo, bladeenc, l3enc, etc). Any MP3 encoder that
194 takes two filenames on the command line, one for input, one for output,
195 will work.
196 You can get lame at:
197 You can get gogo at:
198 You can get BladeEnc at:
199 You can get a trial version of mp3enc at:
200 or:
201* FLAC encoder (flac) or:
202* Ogg/Speex encoder (speexenc) or:
203* MPP/MP+(Musepack) encoder (mppenc)
204* normalize-audio for volume normalization.
205* CD Paranoia, an audio CD reading utility,
206* Or cdda2wav, the audio CD reading utility cdparanoia was born from,
207* Or dagrab, another audio CD reading utility.
208* cd-discid, a CDDB DiscID reading program. Formerly bundled with abcde.
209 It's available in Debian or
210* An HTTP retrieval program: wget, fetch (FreeBSD) or curl (MacOSX)
211* id3, an id3 tagging program. Available at:
212* id3v2, an id3 version 2.0 tagger.
213* (optional) distmp3, a client/server for distributed mp3 encoding.
214 You can get distmp3 at
216Abcde's new mailing list is So far has not
217been actively used.
218The posts from non-subscribers are moderated to prevent spam.
220Archives of the old list are publically available at:
223Abcde's current page is at
224Abcde's old homepage is at
226Jesus Climent <>
228abcde was originally created by Robert Woodcock <>